From US News and World Report:
Tooth whitening strips typically contain a peroxide-based solution that’s evenly distributed on the thin, plastic strip. This is applied to the teeth and left in place for a period of time, allowing the solution to permeate the tooth’s surface.
At-home whitening strips are popular because they’re widely available and usually the least expensive option for teeth whitening. They can be effective when used properly. However, there are some potential drawbacks, notes Dr. Mitchell Josephs, a general, cosmetic and implant dentist with more than 30 years in practice in Palm Beach, Florida, warns against using popular at-home whitening strip products for several reasons:
While whitening strips can be safe and effective, overuse of such products lead to over-bleaching, which can cause your teeth to look gray. When that happens, “you’ll need $32,000 worth of veneers to fix it,” Josephs says.