Types of Gum Tissue Grafts

Types of Gum Tissue Grafts

Aug 16, 2019

A gum tissue graft is a surgical procedure performed by periodontal specialists to treat the receding gums. It occurs when periodontal pockets around the teeth become very deep. This exposes tooth roots and attracts bacteria which can lead to tooth and bone loss.

A gum graft is either taken from your mouth or a tissue bank to cover the affected area. Local anesthesia is given to carry out the procedure. It is of 3 types-

Connective Tissue Graft

It is a common type of gum tissue graft where a part of the skin is removed from the roof of the mouth and tissue beneath is collected. The flap of skin is sutured back. The removed connective tissue is placed onto the gum.

Free Gingival Graft

It is similar to connective tissue procedure where the tissue is taken from the palate. The tissue is removed directly in a free gingival graft without creating a flap of skin. This is done when patients have naturally thin gums.

Pedicle Graft

The tissue is used from the gum near the exposed tooth root where a flap of skin is created. One edge of the flap is known as a pedicle and attached to the gum. The remaining section of the flap is used to cover the exposed root.

Benefits of a Gum Tissue Graft

People go for gum graft treatment due to many reasons. There is a risk losing bone that supports your teeth if gums continue to recede.

  • Gum graft ends the pain caused due to a sensitive tooth.
  • It eliminates root sensitivity and allows you to eat hot, cold or sugary foods and drinks.
  • Gum grafting increases the life of your teeth. If your tooth structure is exposed, it is prone to cavities and leads to decay.
  • Gum grafting also helps in preventing receding gums. Receding gums are caused due to genetics and periodontal disorders.

Gum grafting is a cosmetic procedure that helps in improving appearance. You become self-conscious about your smile when teeth roots are overly exposed. With gum grafting, restore your smile at Dr. Mitchell Josephs Dentistry. Call or Contact us for any queries!

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